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in this video I'm gonna break down partnership taxation basics and basis which is a common concept for partnerships so I'll be explaining how a partnership is taxed and how to keep partnership accounting records because that's what gives you the information you need for taxes and all of this will lead us right into what the multi-member LLC or partnership business needs to keep track of itself and what individual partner members need to keep track of on their own because the business won't be doing it for them if you've been confused by what you find online I don't blame you there's a lot of technical textbook type examples which tend to be disconnected from reality I'll be showing you my partnership worksheet calculation in Excel which compares the three types of member partner basis calculations which I'll be explaining more momentarily and we'll be looking at my multi-member LLC business spreadsheet template now like many things taxes the partnership taxation is quite complex but I'll be explaining the differences between inside and outside basis capital account tax basis so if you've been hearing these terms when you're trying to figure out your partnership taxation I'll be clarifying the differences in this video now I do have other videos that will go through the individual calculations the differences and paying yourself and you'll find the links to those in the description below however I highly recommend watching this video first my name is Amanda you're watching the business finance coach on YouTube where I simplify business to help small business owners succeed I'm the creator of the small business MBA which is an online program that helps business owners step-by-step to set up their LLC their business accounting taxes and legality all in one online II course I give away a free version of the spreadsheet template that's in that course called the free business spreadsheet template if you need help with accounting quarterly taxes and end-of-year taxes all covered in there so there's links in the description below to everything I just mentioned for now let's get back to partnership taxation first let's just go over who exactly partnership taxation is for we have legal business types of multi-member LLC s meaning there's two or more members and partnership businesses now both of these types of businesses default to be taxed as a partnership now if they qualify they can elect to be taxed as a corporation and then text as an escort and an S Corp combines aspects of the corporation and a partnership and it's really a common tax type so how is a partnership text a partnership is called a flow-through entity because the activity from the business flows through to the partners and so the business itself pays no taxes and this happens on form 1065 which is the businesses tax form the business form reports all of the businesses activity income expenses other income other deductions and that all of these amounts flow through on to schedule K ones and there's a schedule k-1 for each partner attached to the form 1065 so all of the activity is reported to the partners based on their ownership percentage each business has a hundred percent ownership share which it can allocate between its owners so all of the amounts on the schedule K ones need to add up to the amount on the 1065 just like all of the partners ownership percentages need to add up to a hundred percent for the business then each partner reports their schedule k-1 on their personal form 1040 for their taxes that means that the business must file before the partner can file their own personal tax form they report the schedule k-1 just like they would a w-2 or a 1099 however that's where things get more complicated because unlike a 1099 which has one number the schedule k-1 will have often many different numbers because it's related to the business activity when that business activity flows through to the K ones it retains its character that's a tax phrase which means if the income was interest income for the business its interest income for the partner on their personal return if the income was rental income then it's rental income on the partners return so let's flip over to form 1065 and schedule k-1 and I'll show you what this looks like form 1065 u.s. return of partnership income so this page one reports what the business actually does so this is going to be the ordinary business net income or loss the income is reported on top and the expenses reported on the bottom that gets us down to this ordinary income or loss line 22 now you'll notice this income doesn't include things like investments dividends or interest sales of things this is only for what the business is in the business of doing that's why there's costs of goods sold gross profit ordinary income or loss now down here are the expenses we have salaries and wages first and that refers to w-2 employees but that does not include any payments to the partners because partners which could be members in an LLC are never taxed as w-2 employees now if they're receiving a regular payments that like a salary that's under guaranteed payments to partners which is a deduction for ordinary business income however I don't want you feeling like that's a deduction in a better way to do things because at the end of the day it doesn't actually make a difference and I'll go into more detail in that in my video about paying yourself in a partnership many expenses will just go under other deductions with an attached statement if they don't fit into any of the other categories so that gets us to ordinary business income or law and a lot of people see this tax section at the bottom and get confused these are not taxes that are often applicable to partnerships so that's the main business activity now page 2 and page 3 are just based on informational questions page 4 is schedule K and this is where everything is divided out and it's from schedule K that all of the information flows to the K ones so we can see that final net income or loss from page 1 line 22 it's reported first but then we have two other main types of income net rental real estate income or loss or other gross rental income or loss so if you have amounts in more than one of box 1 2 or 3 then you should have additional statements attached to your partnership tax return that explain how the any activity listed below is related to these different activities essentially it would have made more sense for them to just require a separate schedule K to be used for each activity box 1 2 & 3 these are the three main activities for partnership net income or loss then we have these called separately stated items we can see there's interest income dividends capital gains sale of business assets that's section 1231 property section 179 deduction is a special type of depreciation contributions means charitable contributions so the business doesn't take it instead it goes to your own personal return to see if that partner will qualify for those charitable contributions are not investment interest expense that was a schedule a deduction net earnings are lost from self-employment and t
Thanks for your comment Freeman Schmille, have a nice day.
- Ailene Badon, Staff Member
hi everyone and welcome back for those of you who are new to this channel my name is Michael Marion and I'm a certified public accountant at Marion and associates LLC we have decided to start to put together a series of videos containing a hot topic issues after seeing all the mistakes that have been made by individuals preparing their own tax returns we hope these videos will provide those individuals with the knowledge they need to prepare their own tax return or to know when to seek out the advice of a tax professional please make sure to subscribe so you do not miss any of the new videos that get released please comment below if there's a certain topic that you would like to learn more about if we noticed enough people requesting the topic we will make sure to develop a video on that specific issue today we are going to look at a document that a lot of business owners overlook or do not even know about so let's begin in today's episode we are going to cover what is a basis worksheet this tax document is one of the most overlooked tax documents for business owners the title of this slide should probably read who has a basis work sheet because even if you have not been maintaining the worksheet you have the ability to go back and reconstruct it individuals that are part of any of the businesses listed have a basis worksheet and are required to maintain it for those of you who thought the business is required to maintain the individuals bases worksheet you have been misinformed according to the Internal Revenue Service the taxpayer is responsible for maintaining their own basis worksheet so I ask have you been maintaining your basis worksheet the basis worksheet helps the individual determine their basis within the business basis is used to determine if the individual can deduct a business loss or if a distribution they receive should be taxable form 60 198 at risk limitations may also be needed to determine if the losses are deductible for individuals that are part of a limited liability company and/or a partnership there are certain information that you will need to determine the individuals basis first how much did the individual initially contribute to gain ownership in the business entity you will need to look at form k1 they receive for additional information the k1 will show if the individual contributed more capital and/or took distributions during the year any income or loss is being passed through to the individual and the amount of business liabilities associate to the individual all this information is needed to accurately compute the individuals basis within the entity for individuals that are a part of an S corporation there are certain information that you will need to determine the individuals basis first how much did the individual initially contribute to gain ownership in the business entity you will need to look at form k1 they received for additional information the k1 will show if the individual took distributions during the year and any income or loss being passed through to the individual you will also need to determine if the individual made any additional capital contributions and the balance of any personal loans they provided the S corporation a shareholder can only get bases for loans they personally gave the S corporation all this information will be used to accurately determine the shareholders basis within the business entity if an individual has a k1 from an S corporation entered on their personal tax return showing a loss the IRS is now requiring the individual to attach a copy of the basis worksheet to the tax return if you're starting to feel that you need a professional to prepare your tax return be sure to check out Marianne & Associates LLC we are a family run practice located in next in Pennsylvania that specializes in personal and business income tax return preparation as well as tax strategies to minimize your future tax obligations our firm wants to form a long lasting relationship with you and your family not just be another tax preparer we hope you found this video helpful and thanks for tuning in
Thanks Twila your participation is very much appreciated
- Ailene Badon
About the author
I've studied sociology of the body at Judson University in Elgin and I am an expert in urban planning (urban design). I usually feel groggy. My previous job was real estate broker I held this position for 8 years, I love talking about volleyball and jujitsu. Huge fan of Billy Joel I practice equestrian: jumping and collect dolls.
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